Sports Clubs


  1. Kokko, S., Koski, P., Savola, J., Alen, M. & Oja, P. 2009. The guidelines for sports clubs for health (SCforH) programs. Helsinki: Finnish Sport for All Association.
  2. Kokko, S., Oja, P., Foster, C., Koski, P., Laalo-Häikiö, E. & Savola, J. 2011. Sports Club for Health (SCforH) – Guidelines for health-oriented sports activities in a club setting. Helsinki: Finnish Sport for All Association.
  3. European Commission. 2007. White Paper on Sport. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
  4. Council recommendation. 2013. COUNCIL RECOMMENDATION of 26 November 2013 on promoting health-enhancing physical activity across sectors. Official journal of the European Union, C/354.
  5. IOC. 2016. Olympic Charter – as force as from 2 August 2016. Lausanne: International Olympic Committee.
  6. IOC. 2014. Olympic Agenda 2020, 20+20 recommendations. Lausanne: International Olympic Committee.
  7. Taliaferro, L., Rienzo, B. & Donovan, K. 2010. Relationships between youth sport participation and selected health risk behaviors from 1999 to 2007. Journal of School Health, Aug;80(8), 399-410. DOI:10.1111/j.1746-1561.2010.00520.x.
  8. Marques, A., Ekelund, U. & Sardinha, L.B. 2016. Associations between organized sports participation and objectively measured physical activity, sedentary time and weight status in youth. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Feb;19(2), 154-157. DOI:10.1016/j.jsams.2015.02.007.
  9. Eithsdóttir, S., Kristjánsson, A., Sigfúsdóttir, I. & Allegrante, J. 2008. Trends in physical activity and participation in sports clubs among Icelandic adolescents. European Journal of Public Health, Jun;18(3), 289-293. DOI:10.1093/eurpub/ckn004.
  10. Ekelund, U., Tomkinson, G. & Armstrong, N. 2011. What proportion of youth are physically active? Measurement issues, levels and recent time trends. British Journal of Sports Medicine, Sep;45(11), 859-865. DOI:10.1136/bjsports-2011-090190.
  11. Mäkelä, K., Kokko, S., Kannas, L., Vasankari, T., Heinonen, O.J., Savonen, K., Alanko, L., Korpelainen, R., Selänne, H., Villberg, J. & Parkkari, J. 2016. Physical activity, screen time and sleep among youth participating and non-participating in organized sports – The Finnish Health Promoting Sports Club (FHPSC) Study. Advances in Physical Education, Nov;6(4), 378-388. DOI:10.4236/ape.2016.64038
  12. Van Hoye, A., Fenton, S., Krommidas, C., Heuzé, J-P., Quested, E., Papaioannou, A. & Duda, J.L. 2013. Physical activity and sedentary behaviours among grassroots football players: A comparison across three European countries. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Oct;11(4), 341-350. DOI:
  13. Wold, B., Duda, J.L., Balaguer, I., Smith, O., Ommundsen, Y., Hall, H.K., Samdal, O., Heuzé, J-P., Haug, E., Bracey, S., Castillo, I., Ramis, Y., Quested, E. & Krommidas, C. 2013. Comparing self-reported leisure-time physical activity, subjective health, and life satisfaction among youth soccer players and adolescents in a reference sample. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Oct;11(4), 328-340. DOI:
  14. Hoekman, R., van der Werff, H., Nagel, S. & Breuer, C. 2015. A Cross-National Comparative Perspective on Sport Clubs in Europe. Sport Clubs in Europe, Volume 12 of the series Sports Economics, Management and Policy, 419-435. DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-17635-2_23.
  15. Kokko, S. 2010. Health Promoting Sports Club – Youth sports clubs’ health promotion profiles, guidance, and associated coaching practice, in Finland. Studies in Sport, Physical Education and Health 144. Doctoral thesis. Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä.
  16. Electronic Toolkit: Hartmann et al. 2017. Sports Clubs for Health (SCforH). A good practise guide to inspire and support sport associations and their clubs. Http://
  17. World Health Organization. 2006. Constitution of the World Health Organization, 45th edition. Geneva, CH: World Health Organization.
  18. St George, A., Kite, J., Hector, D., Pedisic, Z., Bellew, B. & Bauman, A. 2014. Beyond overweight and obesity – HEAL targets for overweight and obesity and the six HEAL objectives: A rapid review of the evidence. Sydney, NSW: NSW Ministry of Health.
  19. Janssen, I., & LeBlanc, A.G. 2010. Systematic review of the health benefits of physical activity and fitness in school-aged children and youth. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, May;7(40). DOI:10.1186/1479-5868-7-40.
  20. Pedisic, Z. 2011. Physical Activity and Health Related Quality of Life of University Students. Doctoral thesis. Zagreb, HR: University of Zagreb.
  21. Gallahue, D.L. & Ozmun, J.C. 2006. Understanding motor development: infants, children, adolescents, adults. 2006 (6th ed.) New York: McCraw-Hill.
  22. World Health Organization. 2010. Global recommendations on physical activity for health. Geneva, CH: World Health Organization.
  23. World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe. 2015. Physical Activity Strategy for the European Region 2016-2025. Copenhagen, DK: World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe.
  24. TNS Opinion & Social. 2014. Special Eurobarometer 412: Sport and physical activity. Brussels, BE: European Commission.
  25. Samitz, G., Egger, M., & Zwahlen, M. 2011. Domains of physical activity and all-cause mortality: Systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of cohort studies. International Journal of Epidemiology, Oct;40(5), 1382-1400. DOI:10.1093/ije/dyr112.
  26. Oja, P., Titze, S., Kokko, S., Kujala, U. M., Heinonen, A., Kelly, P., Koski, P. & Foster, C. 2015. Health benefits of different sport disciplines for adults: Systematic review of observational and intervention studies with meta-analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine, Apr;49(7), 434-440. DOI:
  27. Oja, P., Kelly, P., Pedisic, Z., Titze, S., Bauman, A., Foster, C., Hamer, M., Hillsdon, M. & Stamatakis, E. 2016. Associations of specific types of sports and exercise with all-cause and cardiovascular-disease mortality: a cohort study of 80 306 British adults. British Journal of Sports Medicine, Epub ahead of print. DOI:10.1136/bjsports-2016-096822.
  28. Farahmand, B., Broman, G., De Faire, U., Vågerö, D. & Ahlbom, A. 2009. Golf: A game of life and death – Reduced mortality in Swedish golf players. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, Jun;19(3), 419-424.
  29. Kokko, S. & Vuori, M. 2007. Terveysliikunta – katse yksilöstä toimintaympäristöön [Health-enhancing physical activity – focus from individuals to settings]. Liikunta & Tiede, 44(1), 11-15.
  30. Kokko, S. 2014. Guidelines for youth sports clubs to develop, implement and assess health promotion within its activities. Health Promotion Practice, May;15(3), 373-382. DOI:10.1177/1524839913513900.
  31. American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM). 2012. ACSM’s Health/Fitness Facility Standards and Guidelines – 4th Edition. Illinois, USA: Human Kinetics.
  32. Kelly, B., Baur, L.A., Bauman, A.E., King, L., Chapman, K. & Smith, B.J. 2011. “Food company sponsors are kind, generous and cool”: (Mis)conceptions of junior sports players. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Sep;8(95). DOI:10.1186/1479-5868-8-95.
  33. McDaniel, S.R. & Heald, G.R. 2000. Young Consumers’ responses to event sponsorship advertisements of unhealthy products: Implications of schema-triggered affect theory. Sport Management Review, Nov;3(2), 163-184. DOI:
  34. Hing, N., Vitartas, P. & Lamont, M. 2013. Gambling sponsorship of sport: An exploratory study of links with gambling attitudes and intentions. International Gambling Studies, Dec;13(3), 281-301. DOI:10.1080/14459795.2013.812132.
  35. Koski, P. 2008. Physical activity relationship (PAR). International Review for the Sociology of Sport, Jun;43(2). DOI:
  36. Caspersen, C.J., Powell, K.E. & Christenson, G. 1985. Physical activity, exercise and physical fitness: definitions and distinctions for health-related research. Public Health Reports, Mar-Apr;100(2), 126-131.